What is the source of the hotel procurement factory?
Hotel procurement has always been a good deal with large quantities and high frequencies, but hotels have always been distressed in order to save procurement costs. Nowadays, there are good ways to find the source of hotel procurement. What is the source of hotel procurement? And what are the common procurement methods for direct hotel procurement?
Purchasing sourcing is basically a one-time act, unless the selected supplier has problems, such as quality, delivery, price, etc. Sourcing will re-involve in finding new suppliers, because this has a huge impact on product costs, so large companies have professional and experienced procurement management departments, and the process is generally that of sourcing managers and R & D, engineering departments and procurement engineers. Cooperate to execute.
Hotel sourcing is to find resources, that is, to find qualified suppliers, including qualified new suppliers and new product suppliers, which are mainly used in these areas:
1. Find suppliers for new products
2. Finding a low-cost supplier nearby due to product production transfer
3. Optimize procurement costs and conduct global procurement
What are the common procurement methods for hotel direct mining
Method 1: Tendering
Procurement by tender is one of the basic methods of government and enterprise procurement. According to its limitation, it can be divided into open bidding and invitation bidding.
The most obvious feature of open bidding is unrestricted competitive bidding, that is, the tenderer invites unspecified legal persons or other organizations to bid in the form of tender announcements. This is a bidding and procurement method that best reflects the characteristics of survival of the fittest and 'three publics' in bidding, fully realizing the openness of bidding information, the standardization of bidding procedures, and the fairness of bidding competition. Key national and provincial (municipal) construction projects and bidding projects where state-owned capital investment occupies a controlling or dominant position, as well as projects that should be subject to public bidding in accordance with laws and regulations, must be open for bidding.
The distinguishing feature of invitation bidding is limited competition bidding, that is, the tenderer invites a specific legal person or other organization to bid in the form of a bid invitation. Mainly applicable to only a small number of potential bidders due to national security, national secrets, (commercial secrets), rescue or disaster relief or time constraints, project technical complexity or special requirements, and limited by natural geographical environment, or open tender The cost is compared with the value of the bidding project, small projects that are not worthwhile, and other projects that are unsuitable or cannot be publicly tendered as required by laws and regulations. Invitation to bid may be used after approval by the relevant department. Invited bidding, due to the limited scope of the bidders ’competition, may lose the ideal bidder and fail to achieve satisfactory competitive results.
Method 2: Compare prices
The purchaser generally issues an inquiry notice for the purchased goods or services to three or more suppliers or contractors who meet the corresponding qualification requirements for quotation (usually a quotation, which cannot be changed), and mainly selects through price review The procurement method of the transaction object that meets the procurement needs, has the same quality service and the lowest quotation.
Price comparison is generally applicable to ready-made goods and services with uniform technical standards and specifications. The market is mature, the supply is sufficient, the unit price is small and the difference is not large, and the price is mainly compared, without the need to further investigate the evaluation of the supplier's ability and implementation of the procurement of goods and services . Inquiry purchase procedures are simple, saving purchase time and costs, but the competitiveness and standardization are weak, and the selection range is narrow.
Method 3: Comparison
The comparison and selection is that the purchaser publicly sends out procurement information, invites multiple suppliers or contractors to provide quotations and implementation plans for the purchased projects, goods or services, makes a simple and clear comparison according to the rules and standards announced in advance, and selects the purchase of the trading object. the way.
Comparison and selection is generally applicable to purchases with small amounts that do not meet the bidding and procurement standards; or time is short and have open requirements, comparing both price and ability or implementation plan.
Method 4: Competitive negotiation (consultation)
Competitive negotiation, also known as negotiation, is that the purchaser issues negotiation documents to multiple (generally not less than three) suppliers or contractors that meet the corresponding qualification conditions, and negotiates prices and implementation plans through quotation, counter-offer, commitment, etc. And contract conditions, and the procurement requirements and quality and service requirements determined according to the negotiation documents, and the principle of lowest quotation (the principle of government procurement) determines the procurement method of the transaction object from the negotiation objects.
Competitive negotiation is mainly due to the limitation of procurement time, technical standards, and market scope. Both sides of the procurement supplier have little understanding of the purchases and the other party ’s intentions. The purchaser can only flexibly and fully communicate with the limited and specific suppliers or contractors. Only through negotiation can we fully and correctly express, communicate and determine the intent and requirements of procurement, the ability to supply services, the implementation plan and its technical standards and specifications, so as to select satisfactory purchases and transactions. Compared with bidding, the negotiation procurement process is simple and the cycle is short, which can avoid blind competition. However, weak competition, transparency, and poor standardization make it easy to cheat.
There are four prerequisites for government procurement to adopt competitive negotiation: failed bidding, inability to determine detailed technical specifications, tight procurement time, and inability to calculate the total price.
Method 5: Single source procurement
Single source procurement is also called direct procurement, that is, the purchaser directly negotiates procurement with only one supplier, and agrees on the procurement method of price and contract conditions.
This method is similar to competitive negotiation and procurement, and the procedure is simpler and not competitive. Enterprises generally do not use a single source for procurement. Government procurement strictly limits the three conditions for single-source procurement: the only supplier, unforeseen emergency procurement, and consistent support of the original project.
Method 6: Bidding
The so-called bidding refers to the procurement method in which the purchaser sends a bidding statement to the auctioneer by participating in the auction, so as to reach a transaction. Bidding is usually a procurement method that buyers compete with.
Competitive bidding is applicable to the purchase of the target purchaser by auction, and its price is the only competitive factor for the purchaser, without considering the purchaser's implementation capabilities and programs.
Many hotel direct procurement platforms now provide procurement sourcing services. Xingpin Youhui is such a one-stop direct sunlight procurement platform for hotels. It provides hotel procurement factory sourcing, saves premium for hotel procurement, saves procurement funds, and provides The above hotels are directly adopted.